Dk Suits Atlanta
November No accessible entrace. How are they able to get away with this? Make it yourself anymore. From casual to formal, we have something for everyone! Looking for men's suits? He warned King to discontinue these associations and later felt compelled to issue the written directive that authorized the FBI to wiretap King and other SCLC leaders. Edgar Hoover feared the civil rights movement and investigated the allegations of communist infiltration.
Journalistic accounts and televised footage of the daily deprivation and indignities suffered by southern blacks, and of segregationist violence and harassment of civil rights workers and marchers, produced a wave of sympathetic public opinion that convinced the majority of Americans that the civil rights movement was the most important issue in American politics in the early s.
There were often dramatic stand-offs with segregationist authorities, who sometimes turned violent. Izola Curry —a mentally ill black woman who thought that King was conspiring against her with communists—stabbed him in the chest with a letter opener, which nearly impinged on the aorta.
King received first aid by police officers Al Howard and Philip Romano. Cordice ; he remained hospitalized for several weeks.
Curry was later found mentally incompetent to stand trial. Georgia governor Ernest Vandiver expressed open hostility towards King's return to his hometown in late He claimed that "wherever M.
King, Jr. King was cited for "driving without a license" because he had not yet been issued a Georgia license. King's Alabama license was still valid, and Georgia law did not mandate any time limit for issuing a local license.
Meanwhile, the Atlanta Student Movement had been acting to desegregate businesses and public spaces in the city, organizing the Atlanta sit-ins from March onwards. In August the movement asked King to participate in a mass October sit-in, timed to highlight how 's Presidential election campaign had ignored civil rights.
The coordinated day of action took place on October King participated in a sit-in at the restaurant inside Rich's , Atlanta's largest department store, and was among the many arrested that day.
The authorities released everyone over the next few days, except for King. Invoking his probationary plea deal, judge J.
Oscar Mitchell sentenced King on October 25 to four months of hard labor. Before dawn the next day, King was taken from his county jail cell and transported to a maximum-security state prison. Many feared for King's safety, as he started a prison sentence with people convicted of violent crimes, many of them White and hostile to his activism. Nixon, with whom King had a closer relationship before, declined to make a statement despite a personal visit from Jackie Robinson requesting his intervention.
Nixon's opponent John F. Kennedy called the governor a Democrat directly, enlisted his brother Robert to exert more pressure on state authorities, and also, at the personal request of Sargent Shriver , made a phone call to King's wife to express his sympathy and offer his help.
The pressure from Kennedy and others proved effective, and King was released two days later. King's father decided to openly endorse Kennedy's candidacy for the November 8 election which he narrowly won. However, the negotiations failed and sit-ins and boycotts resumed in full swing for several months.
On March 7, , a group of Black elders including King notified student leaders that a deal had been reached: the city's lunch counters would desegregate in fall , in conjunction with the court-mandated desegregation of schools. In a large meeting on March 10 at Warren Memorial Methodist Church, the audience was hostile and frustrated towards the elders and the compromise.
King then gave an impassioned speech calling participants to resist the "cancerous disease of disunity," and helping to calm tensions. The movement mobilized thousands of citizens for a broad-front nonviolent attack on every aspect of segregation within the city and attracted nationwide attention.
When King first visited on December 15, , he "had planned to stay a day or so and return home after giving counsel. According to King, "that agreement was dishonored and violated by the city" after he left town. Three days into his sentence, Police Chief Laurie Pritchett discreetly arranged for King's fine to be paid and ordered his release.
But for the first time, we witnessed being kicked out of jail. King requested a halt to all demonstrations and a "Day of Penance" to promote nonviolence and maintain the moral high ground. Divisions within the black community and the canny, low-key response by local government defeated efforts. After Albany, King sought to choose engagements for the SCLC in which he could control the circumstances, rather than entering into pre-existing situations.
Johnson and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy with King, Benjamin Mays , and other civil rights leaders, June 22, Birmingham campaign, Main article: Birmingham campaign King was arrested in for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham.
The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Wyatt Tee Walker. Black people in Birmingham, organizing with the SCLC, occupied public spaces with marches and sit-ins , openly violating laws that they considered unjust. King's intent was to provoke mass arrests and "create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation.
Over the concerns of an uncertain King, SCLC strategist James Bevel changed the course of the campaign by recruiting children and young adults to join in the demonstrations. Footage of the police response was broadcast on national television news and dominated the nation's attention, shocking many white Americans and consolidating black Americans behind the movement.
In some cases, bystanders attacked the police, who responded with force. King and the SCLC were criticized for putting children in harm's way. But the campaign was a success: Connor lost his job, the "Jim Crow" signs came down, and public places became more open to blacks. King's reputation improved immensely.
The letter has been described as "one of the most important historical documents penned by a modern political prisoner ". Farmer Jr. Kennedy in changing the focus of the march.