Pertaining To The State Of Being Married
In the English common law tradition from which our legal doctrines and concepts have developed, a marriage was a contract based upon a voluntary private agreement by a man and a woman to become husband and wife. Marriage was viewed as the basis of the family unit and vital to the preservation of morals and civilization. Traditionally, the husband had a duty to provide a safe house, pay for necessities such as food and clothing, and live in the house.
The wife's obligations were maintaining a home, living in the home, having sexual relations with her husband, and rearing the couple's children. Today, the underlying concept that marriage is a legal contract still remains, but due to changes in society the legal obligations are not the same. Marriage is chiefly regulated by the states. The Supreme Court has held that states are permitted to reasonably regulate the institution by prescribing who is allowed to marry and how the marriage can be dissolved.
Entering into a marriage changes the legal status of both parties and gives both husband and wife new rights and obligations. One power that the states do not have, however, is that of prohibiting marriage in the absence of a valid reason. For example, in Loving v. Virginia , the Supreme Court held that prohibiting interracial marriage is unconstitutional because it violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution. Thus, establishing that marriage is a civil right.
The majority of states limit people to one living husband or wife at a time and will not issue marriage licenses to anyone with a living spouse. Meta-analysis involves statistically aggregating results across studies to determine the magnitude of association the effect size between marital quality and health outcomes. I then describe plausible explanations for why marital quality might be related to physical health, whether such associations might differ for different people, and implications for marriage and health in the 21st century.
Researchers can also videorecord couples while they discuss problems or other issues in their relationship, and then code the recordings for behaviors indicating high supportive behaviors or low marital quality hostile or withdrawing behaviors. The increased use of biological markers in psychological research makes developing a clear definition of what is and is not a physical health outcome critical.
Examples of the latter include blood pressure and coronary artery calcification for more examples see Table 1 in Robles et al.